Remembering Lt. Annie Fox

December 7th, 2010 in Current Events by Frank Chadwick

On December 7th, 1941, Army First Lieutenant Annie G. Fox was on duty as Chief Nurse at the Army hospital at Hickam Field, Hawaii. Throughout the Japanese attack and its aftermath, she showed both cool leadership and heroism, as a result of which she became the first woman ever awarded the Purple Heart decoration. The Purple Heart was not at that time associated with receipt of a wound, but that was changed shortly after Pearl Harbor and, as a result, Lieutenant Fox’s decoration was later changed to a Bronze Star.

The citation for her award read, in part,
“During the attack, Lieutenant Fox, in an exemplary manner, performed her duties as head Nurse of the Station Hospital. . . in addition she administered anaesthesia to patients during the heaviest part of the bombardment, assisted in dressing the wounded, taught civilian volunteer nurses to make dressings, and worked ceaselessly with coolness and efficiency, and her fine example of calmness, courage and leadership was of great benefit to the morale of all with whom she came in contact…”
Lieutenant Fox passed away in 1987 at the age of 93.

About the Author: The major landmarks in Frank's historical interests range from ancient Persia through the Crimean War, World War II, and the modern U.S. Armed Forces, with a lot of stops in between. Frank is fascinated by the unusual, the overlooked, and the surprising. He is the New York Times number one best-selling author of the Desert Shield Fact Book (1991) and he is currently writing an historical novel on Alexander's conquest of Persia – from the Persian point of view.

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